DISCOVERING THE FUTURE BY REVEALING THE PAST
THE 1587 ENGLISH COLONY
The story goes: Sent by Sir Walter Raleigh, they are known as the "Lost Colony" of Roanoke. In July of 1587, 117 men, women, and children arrived on the shores of Virginia, now North Carolina, at Roanoke Island from Plymouth, England. It was an attempt to establish the first permanent English settlement in North America. Shortly following their arrival on 18 August, Virginia Dare, the first English birth in the new world, was born to English parents Ananias and Elyanor Dare. By late August, Eleanor's father, John White, the governor of the colony, had returned to England for additional supplies leaving his colony on Roanoke Island. Before his departure, the governor and the colonists agreed that they would move 50 miles inland and that if the colonists were in need of rescue, a Cross would be a signal to White upon his return. Following the governor's return back to England, war broke out between Britain and Spain and the governor was unable to secure his return to Roanoke for three years. With his return in 1590, the governor found Roanoke Island deserted and reported no signal of a Cross was found. The only clues to the whereabouts of the colony were the names "CRO" and "Croatoan" carved into a post and a tree on the island. The governor then returned to England without having made contact with his colony and their whereabouts have been a mystery ever since.
THE DARE HEADSTONE AND THE DARE STONE MESSAGE
THE DARE HEADSTONE AND THE DARE STONE MESSAGE
Eastern North Carolina, 1937. A 21-pound, 13" x 6.5" stone was discovered at the Chowan River / Rocky Hock Creek inlet, in an area where the 1587 "Lost Colony" of Roanoke settled following their landing at Roanoke Island. The unique stone is known as the Dare stone and is made of pure quartz crystal, with copper, and traces of gold and silica. Carved on the stone, is a gravestone inscription that reads: "Ananias Dare & Virginia Went Hence Unto Heaven 1591". Below the inscription, it is also written: "Anye Englishman Shew John White Govr Via (Virginia)" Written on the reverse side of the stone is a message to Governor White and is signed by his daughter "EWD" (Eleanor White Dare).
- Front side -
Ananias Dare &
Virginia went hence
vnto Heaven 1591
Anye Englishman Shew John White Govr Via
On the reverse side of the stone, a message (at right) is written from Elannor to her father Governor White, and is signed EWD (Elannor White Dare)
DARE STONE MESSAGE-
- Reverse side -
Father soone after yov goe for Englande wee cam hither / Onlie misarie & warre tow yeere / Above halfe deade ere tow yeere more from sickenes beine foure & twentie / Salvage with mesage of shipp vnto vs / Smalspace of time they affrite of revenge rann al awaye / Wee bleeve it nott yov / Soone after ye salvages saine spirts angrye / svddlone mvrther al save seaven / Mine childe Ananais to slaine wth mvch misarre / Bvrie al neere fovre myles Easte this river vppon small hil / Names writ al ther on rocke / Pvtt this ther alsoe / Salvage shew this vnto yov & hither / Wee promise you to give greate plentie presents
EWD (Elannor White Dare)
THE AUTHENTICITY OF THE DARE STONE?
The experts who have analyzed the Dare stone say that the stone is authentic as they cannot prove that it is not. Following the Dare stone's discovery, by a man named Lewis Hammond, the stone was taken to Emory University, in Georgia, where scientists and historians there examined the stone thoroughly and could not disprove its authenticity. Following the publishing of the stone's discovery, a Georgia stonecutter named Bill Eberhart, "discovered" 46 other stones that he claimed were all carved by Elannor Dare. All of those 46 stones have since been found to have been forged using a power drill press. The experts cannot say this regarding the Dare stone. The stone was carved using the same type width of chisel tool that the English ships carried in the late 16th century. The carvings were also cut in a completely different manner and style than how the forged stones were made. The carvings are not deeply cut, Elannor would have carved the least amount possible when carving the stone. In 2015, on a cable show Roanoke: Search for the Lost Colony, a prominent Golden Age Elizabethan scholar found indications in the syntax upon the stone that were only used in the 16th Century. The prominent scholar could not disprove the authenticity of the type of worded copy on the Dare stone. The inside of the stone when cut, shows to be a bright shade of white. The exterior of the stone shows hundreds of years of age as well as over the carvings and that is why the experts cannot conclude that the stone is not authentic. Some still doubt the authenticity of the Dare stone and that is understandable, it was tainted by the 46 forged stones and that gives people cause to doubt. The Dare stone was not found by the forger of the other stones. Had the 46 other stones been carved by hand and showed authenticity to them, they would all be considered authentic National Treasures, just as the Dare headstone with the Dare stone message carved on it by Elannor Dare in 1591, is an authentic National Treasure and is the gravestone of Ananias Dare and Virginia, she being the first English birth in the New World.
From official Jamestowne records and reports and from other period Virginia government records, they back up the information written on the Dare stone. The message on the stone is signed with the 3 letters EWD. According to the member roster of the 1587 colony, the only person with those initials was Elannor White Dare. Those records and the Dare stone also confirm an Indian attack happened on the Lost Colony, 7 of the colonists were saved; 4 men, 2 boys, and 1 young maiden. The Dare stone says the young maiden was Elannor White Dare.
Over these past centuries, many theories have abounded as to the fate of the Lost Colony. The research into those theories has proved fruitless and the colony has remained lost for over 400 years. Many through the 20th century have searched for the "footprint" of over 100 members from the 1587 colony. The Dare stone message reveals that by the end of the Summer of 1591 that only 24 from the colony remained alive. Following an Indian attack on those 24 colonists that same Fall, according to the Dare stone, reports from Jamestowne and the Virginia Company of London, only 7 remained alive.
From the official Jamestowne and the Virginia Company of London reports regarding their search for the Lost Colony, those records can be interpreted in one of two ways, either at face value or as being fraudulent. If taken at face value, according to those reports, they reveal that 7 members from the 1587 colony survived an Indian attack. That attack took place a few miles north of the west end of the Albemarle Sound where the Roanoke and the Chowan River's meet in the sound. That is also where the Rocky Hock Creek inlet is located on the east bank of the Chowan River. Those reports say the following, "...those Englishe whoe escaped the slaughter at Roanoke" And "you shall finde foure of the englishe alive, left by Sir Walter Rawely which escaped from the slaughter of Powhatan". And "...the Weroance Eyanoco preserved 7 of the English alive - fower men, two boyes, and one young maide." The "young maide" they are referring to would be a young female from the Lost Colony as they were the only English females in all of North America prior to the arrival of the Jamestown Colony. That attack took place in 1591 according to the Dare headstone.
DECIPHERED: THE DARE STONE MESSAGE
DECIPHERED: THE DARE STONE MESSAGE
Prior to Governor White's departure back to England, he and the colonists had agreed that the colony would move from Roanoke Island, 50 miles inland. Elannor begins her message to her father Governor White, that the colony made it to the agreed-upon 50-mile point, she states: "Father soone after yov goe for Englande wee came hither (hither - traveled here)". On a map made by the colony, it shows 4 sub-tribes of the Weapemeoc Indians were located inland at the 50-mile point in an area known today as Edenton Bay. Of all the Indian sub-tribes located in the region, those 4 are the only sub-tribes shown on the entire map. At the 50 mile point is plotted the Rocky Hock tribe and that would be where the colony assimilated with the Weapemeoc Indians.
Elannor next explains in her message that there had been: "Only misery & war two year." She does not say that any of the colonists died during those two years. In Governor White's testimony of his return to Roanoke Island in 1590, he describes there being a palisade around the village on the island where there wasn't one upon his departure back to England 3 years prior. He states in his testimony; "...But we found no signe of distresse (a Cross); then we went to a place where they were left in sundry houses, but we found them all taken downe, and the place strongly inclosed with a high Palizado, very Fortlike; and in one of the chiefe Posts carued in fayre capitall Letters CROATAN, without any signe of distresse..." He describes that the colony's time at Roanoke Island was relatively safe from harm. He says there was a palisade erected by the colonists but that it was in good shape in that he does not say that from attacks it was falling down and broken or filled with arrows. He states that the village had been removed, but the palisade had not. On a period map, there shows a fort structure at the west end of the Albemarle Sound. From recent archaeological excavations at the Chowanock Indian village of Metaquem, where the fort is plotted on the west bank of the Chowan River, from those excavations, it was reported that no post holes from any kind of a structure were found there, the fort was also covered over with a patch. So the colony did not build a fort for protection beyond Roanoke Island and they left a good palisade behind on the island, thence the Indian tribes were warring against each other, not against the colony.
Next, Elannor writes that after 2 more years "Above half dead here two year more from sickness being four & twenty (24)." According to Elannor, by the beginning of the colony's 3rd year, and by the end of their 4th year, 91 of the 115 colonists had died from a sickness. This same scenario played out with the Jamestown Colony in their 3rd and 4th years also, Captain John Smith called it the "bloody flux", Elannor called it a "sickness". In the book publishing Roanoke: the abandoned colony, K.O. Kupperman wrote regarding the privateering ships at sea: "The overcrowded ships were filthy; dysentery, which they called "bloody flux," and scurvy, produced by a diet of salt and biscuit that was virtually devoid of fresh food, were rampant." Sir Francis Drake, hero of the defeat of the Spanish Armada, he died of dysentery (bloody flux) also. Jamestown President Captain John Smith reported, that beginning in their 3rd year the colony began dying from the bloody flux and by the end of their fourth year there were only about 65 survivors of 500 settlers still alive. Some of those deaths were from Indian attacks.
It was discovered that certain parts of the Dare stone message were written in coded messages. The messages reveal details regarding an Indian attack on the remaining 24 colonists. When reading the message, one should take into account that Elannor is trying to convey sensitive information to her father via a written message. At the same time, she is trying to hide the information that she is conveying from any enemies that may come in contact with the message, be it the native Indians or Europeans.
Elannor next describes of an Indian attack that killed 17 of the remaining 24 colonists, including her husband Ananais and their daughter Virginia, and that she and 6 of the other colonists were all that remained alive. She explains: "Indian with message of ship unto us / small space of time they affrite of revenge ran all away / We believe it not you / Soon after the Indians say spirits angry / Suddenly murder all save seven / Mine child Ananais too slain with much misarie." She states that the colonists had received a message from an Indian messenger regarding the arrival of a ship. She then states that after word of the ship's arrival had spread through the village, the Indian's became afraid and all ran away. She then states, "We believe it not you" (her father's ship), and that all but 7 of the colonists were then murdered by the Indians including her husband and daughter. It seems that Elannor is trying to convey here that the Indians that attacked the colony had arrived via a ship. She explains that an "Indian with message of ship unto us." She then says that the Indians were afraid and they all ran away;"small space of time they affrite of revenge ran all away." Whoever the Indians were on the ship evidently scared the hell out of the Weapemeoc tribe as they were afraid of revenge, from the Indians on the ship and they all ran away! Elannor then says that the colonists did not believe that the ship was her father's; "we believe it not you." By inserting that line between the two statements (regarding the Indians), she turns the two statements into two different entities, the Indians that ran away, and the Indians that made the attack. She then separated part of a statement that could very well have been written as one: "Indian with message of ship unto us we believe it not you." Instead, she inserted half of that statement "We believe it not you" next to the Indians that made the attack showing that they arrived via a ship. She writes; "Indian with message of ship unto us / small space of time they affrite of revenge ran all away / We believe it not you / Soon after the Indians say spirits angry / Suddenly murder all save seven." She says that she did not believe the ship was her father's, "we believe it not you." Why would she say that? After 17 of her friends had just been massacred by the occupants of a ship, what would make her think that her father may have been an accessory to 17 counts of murder? Of course, it wasn't her father. When you lift the veil of secrecy surrounding that statement and take into account the location of it within the message and that her father was an Englishman, it seems that Elannor is trying to tell him that it was an English ship with Indian warriors aboard that attacked the colony. But why would the English murder 17 of their own?
The Dare stone message suggests that the colony was attacked by Indians that arrived via an English ship. If this is so, then the English government becomes implicated in the murders of 17 English, men, women, and children. If an English ship at the Outer Banks had sent a pinnace ship with Indian warriors aboard, then it is doubtful their flags would have been flying from either ship. So what made the colonists think that the ship was an English ship vs a Spanish, or a French ship, or other?
According to Governor White's testimony, before he departed Roanoke Island on his return to England in 1587, at least 1 armed pinnace ship with canon was left behind for the colony. During the Governor's return in August of 1590, while searching Roanoke Island for his colony, he states in his testimony; "We went by the shore to seeke for their boats but could find none, nor any of the Ordnance I left them." In 1587, Governor White and his colony sailed to Roanoke with three ships: the Admiral (120 tons, with the Governor), a “flie boat”, and a “pinnesse” (not named). A pinnace ship may not have survived a trip across the sea on its own. On a map made by the colonists, it shows the pinnace ship that was left behind at the west end of the Albemarle Sound (below). After their arrival at Roanoke Island and with a dwindling food supply, the boats may have been used in trade with the tribes in exchange for food. It is known that the Powhatan tribe traded food with the Jamestown colony in exchange for metal tools, European copper, etc.
After two years of war and another two years of sickness, the colony was dying out and was in serious need of help. They had seen no sign of any of their countrymen in four years, a pinnace ship could have been used to sail north up the coastline where help could have been found there among the fishing fleets. Elannor writes the word "ship" in her message, not, canoe, not, rowboat, but a "ship", this being large enough to carry cannon and ordinance and a pinnace held a capacity of over 40 passengers. The colony was left with more than one boat, as the governor states that he left behind "boats", did the colony lose them all? The only logical answer as to the identity of the ship that Elannor is referring to is that the Indian's that attacked the colony arrived at the creek aboard the colony's pinnace ship, and probably it even had its English flags still flying. If this is so, then, "Savage with message of ship unto us / we believe it not you", makes sense.
Plotted at the red dots and encircling what is today known as Edenton Bay is the Rocky Hock tribe, Catokinge tribe, Waratan tribe, and the Mascoming tribe.
JAMESTOWNE ARRIVAL, CHESAPEAKE BAY, VA - 1607
A message carved on the reverse side of the Dare headstone reveals that the remaining 24 members of the 1587 English colony, known as the Lost Colony of Roanoke, were attacked and that only 7 of the 24 survived the attack. According to the Dare stone, 1 of those 7 colonists was a colony leader Elannor White Dare.
In May 1607 began the Jamestowne settlement in Virginia. Jamestown was located about 80 miles north of where the attack took place at the Rocky Hock Creek inlet. The Virginia Company of London, the early Jamestown leadership, and the Dare stone message all confirm the attack on the Lost Colony. Jamestowne secretary William Strachey (1610-1611) reports of that attack; "those Englishe who escaped the slaughter at Roanoke". And "the Weroance Eyanoco preserved 7 of the English alive - fower men, two boyes, and one young maide." Elannor states on the Dare stone regarding this same attack; "the savages say spirits angry / Suddenly murder all save seven." The Virginia Company of London believed that the Tuscaroras King Eyanoco sent his warriors and attacked the Powhatans during their attack on the colony. The Tuscaroras saved 7 of the colonists, 4 men, 2 boys, and a young maiden. The Virginia Company had instructed Sir Thomas Gates, a governor of Jamestowne (1610), that the Lost Colonists that lived with the Tuscarora had “escaped from the slaughter of Powhatan at Roanoke.”
So rather than save all 24 of the colonists from the attack, why did the Tuscaroras save only 7 of them? A Tuscarora Indian legend published in the book Bertie County: An Eastern Carolina History, by an Eastern Carolina descendant of the Tuscarora, Dr. Arvil Smallwood, the legend speaks of the attack on the Lost Colony. According to the legend, the Tuscarora saved only 7 of the colonists because; "they had either red or blond hair, which caused the Tuscarora to be fearful of their spirits, believing them to be children of the sun god." The Tuscaroras feared the spirits of those with red or blond hair upon their murders.
One of the most transparent pieces of information as to which tribe had attacked the Lost Colony was relayed in a series of instructions sent from England in May of 1609 by the council of the Virginia Company to the leadership at Jamestown. The council stated that "you shall finde the englishe alive, left by Sir Walter Rawely which escaped from the slaughter of Powhatan". King James also sent a message to the Virginia Company with a warning to "watch out for Powhatan."
Led by King Powhatan, the Powhatan Confederacy was located in the same area in Virginia that Jamestowne had settled in. Soon after the Jamestowne Colony's arrival, Capt. John Smith began making inquiries among the Powhatan chiefs as to the fate of the Lost Colony. During those inquires, King Powhatan confessed to Captain Smith that he had the colony massacred and that he had personally witnessed the attack. Samuel Purchas was an English cleric who published reports by travelers to foreign countries. His four volumes entitled Purchas His Pilgrimes or Hakluytus Posthomous, were published in 1624. In the margin of his text, Purchas, who indicated that he had use of Capt. John Smith's written notes said that "Powhatan confessed that hee had bin at the mirder of that colonie (Lost Colony) and shewed to Captain Smith a musket barrel and brasse mortar and certain peeces of Iron which had been theirs". Governor White in his testimony regarding his return voyage to Roanoke in 1590, stated that the pinnace ship and the ordinance that he had left behind for the colony were nowhere to be found. King Powhatan also claimed that the attack took place in an area of the Chesapeake Bay just prior to the arrival of the Jamestown colony. Any evidence of that attack taking place there has never surfaced. Therefore King Powhatan must have been referring to the attack on the Lost Colony that took place in the area of the Rocky Hock Creek in 1591, not at the Chesapeake Bay. This was the attack that the king had confessed to having personally witnessed, and as Elannor reveals in her message, he arrived there with his warriors aboard the colony's pinnace ship.
According to the Dare stone, the colony was dying out from sickness at about 4 deaths per month with no end in sight, therefore there would have been no reason for any tribe to have attacked them. King Powhatan did know who Elannor Dare was, he traded food stores with the Jamestowne Colony early on and it is likely that he traded early on with the Lost Colony as well, he had their ship and ordinance. King Powhatan was on-site at that attack at the Rocky Hock Creek to claim his wife-to-be. An English bride is the one possession that the King did not possess and he traveled over 100 miles to personally claim Elannor Dare to be his wife. Had the Tuscaroras not intervened and saved 7 of the colonists with red or blond hair, Powhatan would have massacred 23 of the 24 remaining colonists only to save Elannor Dare.
THE EDWARD BLAND MILITARY EXPEDITION - 1650
On behalf of the Virginia Officials, Fort Henry, Virginia
In 1650, explorers from Fort Henry, in Virginia, had been sent by Virginia Officials to seek out the Tuscarora village of Hocomawanack, located in an area on the Roanoke River near the mouth of the Albemarle Sound. Their purpose was "to go and speak with an Englishman amongst them, and to enquire for an English woman cast away long since." The Englishman that officials were hoping to find was one of the males saved from the Lost Colony. The English woman is Elannor Dare, she being the female also saved by the Tuscaroras and 'cast away long since' from that tribe (to the Chowanock tribe). The explorers took on two Indian guides, a Tuscarora guide, and a Powhatan guide, from the two tribes involved in the 1591 attack.
The explorers reported that they did not find an Englishman at the Hocomawanack Village but that many of the Indians there appeared to be of mixed native Indian and European descent. The expedition continued on from the village and along the way, the guides describe a past event involving King Powhatan, a young woman, and the Chowan King. The Tuscarora guide speaks of a Paramount Chief of the Powhatan Confederacy named Appachancano. Most likely Edward Bland in his report is referring to Opechancanough as we know the pronunciation to be spelled today. He was possibly a half or adopted brother to King Powhatan. He was also the War Chief of the Powhatan Confederacy during King Powhatan's reign, and after, until he became Paramount King in 1630, he died in 1646. The guide also refers to King Powhatan as being a petty King under Opechancanough. If this is true, then it changes history as we know it to have been regarding the Powhatan tribe. King Powhatan was the Paramount King of the Powhatan Confederacy until his death in 1618, he was born in c.1550 and was possibly the first Paramount King of the Powhatan tribe. This narrative begins following the Indian attack upon the Lost Colony. The event must have taken place sometime between the Fall of 1591 when the 7 colonists were saved in the attack, and until the start of the Jamestowne Colony in 1607 when an event such as this would have been reported by Jamestowne Officials. The event that the Tuscarora guide describes had been handed down for over 55 years and some of the details are turned around, but the foundation of the event and many of the important details are correct according to recorded history. It is doubtful that Virginia Officials would have filed into the Official Record events that had no basis or merit to them. Therefore this written account must have useful and accurate information to disclose that was gathered during the government's 9-day expedition to the Tuscarora capital village of Hocomawananck at Roanoke.
The Tuscarora guide describes to Edward Bland and the others, that "it had been many years since their late great Emperour (Opechancanough) came thither to make a War upon the Tuscarora, in revenge of three of his men killed and one wounded by the Hocomawananck Indians (they were killed and wounded during the attack on the colony)." Edward Bland then describes being a few miles east of the village where they came across large piles of human bones. The Tuscarora guide saddened by the site, explained to the explorers, that the bones were those of 240 Tuscarora Indians that the Powhatans had massacred (when War Chief Opechancanough had gone to make war upon them for killing three Powhatan warriors, the wounding of another, and taking Elannor Dare from King Powhatan in the attack). Captain John Smith noted in his writings in 1612, regarding the Powhatan Confederacy, that “They seldom make warre for lands or goods, but for women and children, and principally for revenge.”
In his 1955 publishing The Roanoke Voyages, 1584–1590, David Beers Quinn reveals additional reports from Jamestowne, that the Tuscaroras had sent 2 Boys and a young maiden to the Chowanock, this following the attack on the colony. The Chowanock lived along the west bank of the Chowan River, from the Albemarle Sound and north to the Meherrin River.
As the Bland expedition continued on, the two guides described to the explorers about a murder by King Powhatan against the Chowanock King: "there was one King of a Towne called powhatan, which had long time harboured a grudge against the King of Chawan (Chowanock) about a young woman (Elannor Dare) that the King of Chawan had detayned of the King of Powhatan: Now it happened that the King of Chawan was invited by the King of Powhatan to this place under pretence to present him with a guift of some great vallew, and they met accordingly, and the King of Powhatan went to salute and embrace the King of Chawan, and stroaking of him after their usual manner, he whipt a bowstring about the King of Chawans neck and strangled him".
On a period map engraved by Theodore de Bry, it shows on the west bank of the Chowan River, where the river and the Albemarle Sound meet, the Chowanock village of Metaquem. In 2015 and 2020, archeology digs by the James River Institute for Archaeology (JRIA), discovered Chowanock, and English pottery, as well as other English artifacts where the Metaquem Village once was. It was determined by the institute, that many of the English items specifically the late 16th-century Border ware pottery, a baluster food-storage jar, priming pans from flintlock guns were not those of earlier or later explorers, settlers, or traders, but were from a very small group of people that dated specifically to the time of the Lost Colony. The JRIA in their excavations verified that a very small group from the Lost Colony had lived there with the Chowanock for 3 to 4 years.
A SHORT STORY POEM
by Jon Sinatra
Be it the spelling of some of the words (in red) in the following are written the
same as was written by Elannor Dare in her message upon the Dare stone.
As beams of setting sunlight stood tall like crystal towers through the trees, and the leaves turned pastel colors dripped softly in the late Fall breeze, and the creek flowed timelessly in synch with another then whispered its wisdom for the colony to take cover as a shipp boarded with violence cut silently through the dark waters of the Nomopana-Chowan as it cruised the shore to anchor...the Indians knew...And from their villages they rann all awaye as the violence passed by and marked them for another day. The young messenger from the shore spied the King upon his English thrown and he too was marked then he rann awaye into the dark. He rann so fast the mesage vnto his friends at the creek for they would be no more as their death was soon to seek. And as the setting sunlight dried into darkness, only the creek was heard as it whispered the fate of the 24 Lost Colonists. Then came death's arrival and the King stood before his bride to claim, her hair lit Strawberry-azure and with a beautiful English name. In terror her family embraced for they knew the end but why her husband and childe the first with mvch misarie did-they-die! From the clear night sky it cried and from it fell hard the rain; the people were tortured and butchered, the ground was covered red-stained! For when the rain had stopped then noticed the King, 17 were deade, but seaven were not...
When flickered the sunlight and then doused the dusk and the creek surrendered its wisdom and then turned to dust. It surrendered its wise fate to the colony never found and the warnings of the cruel violence that was headed inbound. Within the dark silence came the ship's arrival then down plunged the anchor with the sound of no survival...the colonists knew...and with a sudden quick breath, the twenty-four stepped back! and the Powhatan warriors made their attack! And the torture and the misery and the butchering of the Lost Colony began!... When appeared the Tuscaroras and dashed the King's dreams for Elannor Dare, as 240 of their warriors appeared from nowhere! Her husband and daughter lay dead in a contorted misery when a burst of lightning sliced the night sky and the Tuscarora warriors began to fly! Killing three Powhatans and wounding another as they whisked Elannor from the King's arms and took six others and the seven colonists born with shades of the sun god made their escape! Fleeing the creek the warriors paddled furiously towards the river through the falling tears from the clear night sky, their boats leaned dangerously banking the small hills as from behind at the creek screamed of horrors and chills. Then the rain picked up and it began to pour and it poured hard as the seven labored to breathe it fell so hard! and the boats quickly dashed and the river was running fast and faster and out of the creek and into the river they went as the thunder boomed! And the lightning struck! And the trees were bursting from the lightning strikes! And arrows were flying and they all labored even to breathe as the rain fell down so hard and their friends were dying and the boys were crying and Elannor was now a young widow as they reached the swollen dark waters of the sound...when the rain calmed down to a drizzle now and the Fall chill wrapped around Elannor with only her tears to warm her, "SAVED THEIR SEVEN SUN GODS FROM THE SLAUGHTER AT ROANOKE!" echoed from the Heavens through the Albemarle Sound. The warriors paddled at great speeds and into the moonlit mist did they evaporate a dozen miles along the Roanoke River to the Tuscarora village at Ritanoe. A place filled with stones of crystal and copper and gold and it was from there that Elannor retrieved two gravestones and upon them she would carve a Cross and the names of her husband and daughter, and the names of the other colonists, and the names of those from the Roanoke slaughter.
Within the areas along the south bank of the Rocky Hock Creek where the attack took place, four geoglyphs have been discovered that display and tell the story of the Indian attack on Ananais Dare and Virginia. Elannor in her message describes the attack as a gruesome one. These geoglyphs confirm that description.
GEOGLYPH - DEFINITION: "A Geoglyph is a large design or motif (generally larger than 13 feet) produced on the ground and typically formed by clastic rocks or similarly durable elements of the landscape such as stones, stone fragments, live trees, gravel, or earth."
The geoglyphs are numbered #1, #2, #3, #4 (see 2 images, below). At 1,350 ft. long, geoglyph #1, shows the profile head of an attacking Indian with war paint and wearing two feathers. In geoglyph #2, Virginia is represented by a little rabbit with a slashed throat. Geoglyph #3 displays a machete knife and a pool of blood. The #4 geoglyph, is a profile bust of Ananais Dare, he is wearing a green hat and is tilted to the northeast. His image shows the machete has cut away part of his head. As color is added to these four geoglyphs, (see 2nd image below) the eerie story plays out in pictures of the slayings of Ananais Dare and Virginia. Also, in the 2nd image below, see the inset window (bottom, left corner) of a Powhatan Indian. This is an image used from Governor John White's artwork that he made during his time at Roanoke in 1585-86 and it shows the similarities when comparing it to the Indian geoglyph #1 above it.
Within the image (below) is another geoglyph. The glyph is of Elannor Dare. She is on the west bank of the Chowan River just across from the Rocky Hock Creek inlet (see 2nd image below, left). She is carrying a baby on her back, note the feather on the baby's head. The "dust" that appears to be kicking up at her feet are mineral deposits in the soil, the same kind of deposits also separate the feather from the baby's head. The outline profile of her face is very detailed. When coloring in the jacket, the different shades of the soil provide exactly what is seen there. Also in the image (2nd below, right) is the same glyph captured from a different year. That glyph shows a wet road reflecting in the sunlight that provides a natural outline of the geoglyph.
Copyright 2022 Jon Sinatra All Rights Reserved
DECIPHERED: The Dare Stone Message
DECIPHERED: The Dare Stone Message
Thank you, for your donation. _ Jon Sinatra
Copyright 2022 Jon Sinatra All Rights Reserved